Highlights, News

Indonesia’s Forest and Peatland Policies Fail to Stop Oil Palm Deforestation

Our latest report on Indonesia’s forest and peat land policies finds that the exploitation of moratorium loopholes and the lack of sanctions encourage further deforestation, fires, and peatland degradation. The report, published under our Chain Reaction Research consortium, examines and compares Indonesia’s forest-clearing ban (instruction 5/2019), the moratorium on issuing of licenses for new oil palm plantations (instruction 8/2018), and the peatland protection regulation (regulation 57/2016), and identifies their key loopholes. We conclude that the moratoria are weak in protecting primary forests and peatlands since they are not legally binding and supervision and effective penalties for non-compliance are lacking.

Figure - Indonesian Forest overviewAs a result, 638,136 hectares of oil palm concessions overlap with primary forest and peatland moratorium areas. Moreover, 192,229 ha were deforested in Kalimantan in 2020 and 30% of this was related to oil palm plantation development. In addition, an area of 6.6 million ha linked to 1,095 oil palm concessions overlap with peat areas and are at risk of degradation.

The full report can be found here.

For more information, please contact Sarah Drost